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FAQ – Hip Replacement

What is hip replacement? 

Hip replacement refers to a surgical procedure of replacing the hip joint by a prosthetic implant. Hip replacement surgery can also be done as a partial replacement or a total replacement. Those hip joint replacement orthopaedic operations are generally accomplished for giving relieve to unbearable arthritis pain or for fixing major physical joint injuries as a significant part of hip fracture management. Hip replacement is now-a-days the most widespread orthopaedic surgery. When an individual faces severe arthritis detected in the joint of the hip he or she must go to a doctor.  General hip joint problems can lead to osteoarthritis.

What are the categories of hip replacement surgery?

There are two kinds of hip replacement surgeries available in the medical science. One is partial hip replacement surgery and another is total hip replacement surgery. A total hip replacement consists of replacing both the femoral head and the acetabulum whereas hemiarthroplasty generally refers to the replacement of the femoral head.

What are the causes of hip joint damage?

There exist various reasons behind the damage of the hip joint. Some of them are mention below.

  • Arthritis
  • Infection
  • Accidents
  • Heredity
  • Age
  • Fractures
  • Lack of calcium

What kinds of approaches are adapted for hip replacement surgery?

Numerous contemporary methods for hip replacement surgery are undertaken by the surgeons. Those techniques are discussed below.

  • The lateral approach is usually adapted for hip replacement. The approach particularly requires height of the gluteus minimus and gluteus medius for accessing the joint.
  • The posterior approach mainly concentrates on the hip joint and capsule by means of the back, taking the short external rotators and piriformis muscle off the femur. This is an extremely efficient approach.
  • The anterior approach makes use of a gap between the tensor fasciae latae and the sartorius muscle.
  • The antero-lateral approach usually helps in developing the gap between the gluteus medius and the tensor fasciae latae.
  • The minimally invasive surgery helps in reducing elastic tissue damage via decreasing the size of the incision.

What are the risk factors of hip replacement surgery?

Risk factors of hip replacement surgery are discussed here.

  • Osteolysis
  • Fracture
  • Vein Thromobosis
  • Dislocation
  • Nerve palsy
  • Metal toxicity
  • Inequality of leg length
  • Metal sensitivity

What are the symptoms of a damaged hip joint?

Everyone should go to a doctor whenever they experience any kind of pain in their hip joints. Some of the signs and symptoms of a damaged hip joint are mentioned below.

  • Fever from a terrible pain
  • Unbearable pain.
  • Swelling in the hip joints.
  • Unable to sit for a long time.
  • Problem in walking.
  • Weak hip joints.

What are the distinctions between hip replacement surgery and hip resurfacing?

The probable advantages of hip resurfacing in comparison with THR are a lesser amount of bone elimination (bone conservation), an abridged option of hip dislocation because of a fairly larger size of femoral head (offering the victim has an anatomically right size of femoral head), and a much easier revision surgery for any kind of succeeding revision to a THR tool as a doctor will have more unique bone stock accessible.

What is a computer navigated surgery?

Computer Navigated Surgery processes are also accessible for guiding the surgeon in providing enhanced accuracy. Numerous commercial CAS systems are obtainable for utilization worldwide. Hip Nav was considered as the initial system invented particularly for total hip replacement.

What one should do after a hip replacement surgery?

If an individual is going for hip replacement surgery then the patient must undertake instant treatment. The patients must follow all the suggestions and advices of their doctors. A patient must take proper drugs and therapies to avoid the dangers of hip replacement surgery.

What must be done?

The surgeon can recommend that one must take antibiotics after and before the surgical procedure for reducing the danger of infection. If one requests any severe dental work, the doctor will surely recommend that an individual must have it completed before the surgical process. Infections can easily spread from various parts of the human body, like the mouth, to the synthetic joint and give rise to a grave problem.

 

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