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Total Hip Resurfacing

With the advancement of science and technology the traditional hip resurfacing is not used now. Rather, hip resurfacing is done where the bone is capped and redesigned with the help of metal prosthesis. It is much safer as the socket of the hip is fixed with a metal cup. It has the great potentiality and the release of the metal ions is much less than the traditional method when the surfaces of the metals rub together. The lower secretion of metal ions is not at all problematic for health.

Hip resurfacing through Computer navigation

This kind of surgery is done with the help of images of the hip taken earlier with the help of cameras. This procedure combines infrared cameras, computers and instruments that can reflect the infrared light to the camera. The image is created in the computer that helps the surgeon to find the exact position during the surgery. It also helps to replace the new hip in exact location and adjust in perfect place with proper orientation with muscle, ligaments, the bones, and various other structures.

The process of minimal invasion

Hip resurfacing has been established as a significant surgical option to total hip replacement. The process comprises of insertion of a metal cap with cobalt-chrome that is void and similar to the shape of a mushroom, on the top of the femur whereas an identical metal cup  is located in the acetabulum, substituting the articulating regions of the patient’s hip joint and excluding very little bone in comparison with a THR. When the patient tries to move the hip, the movement of the joint takes the help of the synovial fluid for flowing between the stiff metal bearing regions lubricating them while the parts are located in the right position. The doctor’s rank of experience with hip resurfacing is most significant; therefore, the choosing of the correct surgeon is critical for a victorious result.

The factors behind the damage of the hip joint

There exist various reasons behind the damage of the hip joint. Some of them are mentioned below.

  • Arthritis
  • Infection
  • Accidents
  • Heredity
  • Age
  • Fractures
  • Lack of calcium

The advantages and disadvantages

The possible advantages of hip resurfacing in comparison with THR are a lesser amount of bone elimination (bone conservation), an abridged possibility of hip dislocation because of a fairly larger size of femoral head (offering the victim has an anatomically right size of femoral head), and a much easier revision surgery for any kind of succeeding revision to a THR tool as a doctor will have more unique bone stock accessible.

The possible negative aspects of hip resurfacing are aseptic loosening, femoral neck fractures, and metal wear. Because of the preservation of the patient’s total femoral neck. Other advantages are: Surgeon cerated discrepancies in leg length are at the present minimized. Also, the toe-out or toe-in or faults which could take place co-operatively with THR are now finished as the femoral neck which helps in determining foot direction is left uninterrupted with hip resurfacing.

The symptoms

Everyone must go to a doctor whenever they experience any type of pain in their hip joints. Some of the symptoms and signs of a damaged hip joint are mentioned below.

  • Fever from a terrible pain
  • Unbearable pain.
  • Swelling in the hip joints.
  • Unable to sit for a long time.
  • Problem in walking.
  • Weak hip joints.

If someone is planning to have hip resurfacing then the he or she should go for immediate treatment. The patients should obey all the suggestions and advices of their doctors. A suffering individual must take proper drugs and therapies to avoid the dangers of hip replacement surgery. So, everyone should take necessary precautions to fight against such risk factors. Proper guidance is also needed to get rid of this disease. Regular check up is also highly suggested. A victim must take medicines or therapies on regular basis.

Current studies have proven that the result of a hip resurfacing is totally based on surgeon’s expertise and that correct positioning of hip resurfacing devices is very vital. So, additionally with assuring that a proven tool is utilized, patients must take care in choosing a surgeon with expertise and a first-class track record.

Risk factors

Risk factors of hip replacement surgery are discussed here.

  • Osteolysis
  • Fracture
  • Vein Thromobosis
  • Dislocation
  • Nerve palsy
  • Metal toxicity
  • Inequality of leg length
  • Metal sensitivity

The above mentioned risk factors are more common to THR rather than hip resurfacing.

A frequently elapsed but extremely significant advantage of hip resurfacing and thus the preservation of the femoral neck is the truth that hip resurfacing doe’s have the smallest computable quantity of “stress shielding” while compared to any kind of THR.

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