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PCL Reconstruction

The elaborated form of PCL is termed as posterior cruciate ligament. It is one of four ligaments that are vital to the stability of the knee joint and support of the leg. Thus, PCL is the most important ligament that prevents the shin bone also known as tibia from the sliding towards the far backwards.  It also helps in the smooth knee joint movement.

The ligament of posterior cruciate is considered as one of the two big ligaments of the knee.  It helps in controlling front to back motion of the knee.  The PCL may be tattered during many activities such as sports.  Once wrecked, it can heal but is generally a longer length than usual. A cruel PCL injury will need a reconstructive surgery. A ligament graft is needed utilising substance obtained from the frontage region of the knee or from the region of restrict tendons behind the knee, both of which are capable of re-growing to a great extent.

Need for PCL reconstruction-

Ligament reconstruction of posterior cruciate is generally accomplished by means of a keyhole surgery under normal anaesthetic.  The patient would normally be admitted on the day of the surgery and must have an overnight residence in the hospital. One must go for the best doctor.

Keyhole surgery-

Laparoscopic surgery, which is also known as minimally invasive surgery, is also called keyhole surgery. It is basically a modern surgical method in which surgeries are done far from their exact situation by means of small incisions (generally 0.5–1.5 cm) somewhere else in the human body. This is a very effective surgical process. This procedure is safe as well. The success rate of this surgery is very high.

Procedure of this surgery-

The surgery takes nearly around one hour and the Surgeon will create some small incisions in one’s knee for allowing tiny specially planned tools to be introduced.  The worn out ligaments are trimmed and the knee is ready for the replacement graft process.

Negative aspects of keyhole surgery-

This surgical procedure does have some negative aspects. They are

  • Reduced tactile sensation
  • Chance of damaging tissue
  • Inability of judging accurately how much energy is being applied to tissue and cells.
  • Reduced chance of depth perception.

Recovery from this anaesthetic surgery is quick and the patient will be awake very soon after the surgical procedure though the patient will feel drowsy for an hour.  The patient will be permitted for going home once the patient is weight bearing with the aid of crutches, if essential, for safety.

Does this surgical procedure have any risk factors?

Yes, this surgical procedure does have some risk factors. Some of them are mentioned below.

  • Infections
  • Small patch of numb skin.
  • diffusion of blood vessels
  • trocar injuries
  • umbilical injury infection
  • hemorrhage
  • force on the phrenic nerve
  • umbilical hernias
  • abdominal wall hematoma
  • Vascular injuries

Advantages for Key hope PCL Reconstruction-

Yes, there are various advantages of this surgical procedure. Some of them are mentioned below.

  • Reduced pain
  • Reduced haemorrhaging
  • Short recovery period
  • Positive outcome.

What one must do after this surgery?

Current studies have proven that the result of a keyhole surgery is totally based on surgeon’s expertise and that correct positioning of surgery devices is very vital. So, additionally with assuring that a proven tool is utilized, patients must take care in choosing a surgeon with expertise and a first-class track record. If someone is planning to undergo keyhole surgery then the he or she should go for immediate treatment. The patients should obey all the suggestions and advices of their doctors.

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