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Uniknee Replacement

The replacement Unicompartmental knee is an alternative choice for a little percentage of patients who are suffering from osteoarthritis at the knee. In this procedure, the knee is separated into three main sections: The medial section that is the inside part of the knee, the lateral section that is the outside part, and the patellofemoral section that is the front of the knee that is located connecting the thighbone and the kneecap.

In a knee replacement of the unicompartmental, only the injured section is restored with plastic and metal. The healthy bone and cartilage of the knee is left untouched.

Unicompartmental knee Replacement treatment with Minimally Invasive

There are 3 compartments in the knee. The first is the medial compartment. This is located in the inside. Next the lateral compartment can be found on the outside. The third and the last one is patellofemoral compartment which is located in the kneecap.

If the only a part of the knee gets damaged then there is no need to change the whole bone around the knee. What one is required is to get a Unicompartmental knee surgery. In this type of surgery only the damaged part of the knee compartment is replaced. This surgical method is used to relieve arthritis in that damaged part. This procedure costs much less. The method gives a lot lesser pain after operation than the total knee replacement surgeries. This operation when done in Minimally Invasive method takes much less time. In these recent times minimally invasive surgery methods are the commonest. The Minimally Invasive methods are used through incisions or small cut as an alternative of one large opening. Minimally invasive surgery in regard to Unicompartmental Knee replacement is an evolutionary process.

Symptoms

There are a lot of signals that one may receive that they need a knee replacement surgery or at least need to visit the specialist regarding this.

  • Unbearable pain.
  • Problem in walking.
  • Fever from a terrible pain in the knee region.
  • Feeling pain while stretching and folding the legs
  • Unable to stand for a long time
  • Feeling impossible to climb up the stairs
  • The patients will feel irritation and will find that is causing swelling in the knee. The swelling of the knee is one of the definite proofs. Swelling occurs as a result of inflammation of the lining of the knee. This irritation is often caused by the presence of microscopic pieces of plastic in the knee fluid. This also causes the instability by loosening of the joint.

Generally the surgical treatments become only way for people aged above 50 years.

When one requires this treatment

If one has rigorous osteoarthritis of the knee and have failed with nonsurgical treatment measures. Then the person may consider about a partial knee replacement. This treatment is suitable for the patients who have moderate joint disease caused osteoarthritis. Unicompartmental knee Replacement surgery is also appropriate if this joint disease is caused by some shocking injury. The treatment is also good for those who have poor bone density. As this poor bone density precludes other types of knee surgery. The surgery is only thought of if the knee problems affect the quality of life and also if it interfere with a person’s daily routine.

The patients who have considerable knee stiffness or ligament damage are not perfect candidates for this treatment.

The surgery

A partial replacement surgery usually lasts one or two hours. The orthopedic expert makes an incision at the front of the knee. This is done to explore the three compartments of the joint space. That is the medial, lateral and patellofemoral.

The surgeon will use a special instrument to take away the damaged cartilage and knee components. Along with these the ends of the femur and tibia are capped with metal coverings. The metal pieces that are used for covering are linked to the bone with a special type of cement. This cement is of the most recent quality. Now to generate a smooth gliding surface a plastic is put in between the two metal components.

The benefits

This procedure has a number of benefits for patients with a moderately active lifestyle. According to the condition one has to intake medicines and antibiotic. And it will take maximum of 3 days for the patient to be ready to go home.

 

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